There are several species of monkey in the world. Each has characteristics, uniqueness and importance for environmental balance.
There is a wide variety of monkey species around the world, each of which has similar and different characteristics. In addition, monkeys are mammalian primates, which is why they have body hair and mammary glands. In addition, they have a developed brain, eyes facing forward and an opposing finger.
However, these mammals suffer a lot from population reduction. That is, they constantly have their habitat destroyed by some factors, which causes the death of many. For example, the high level of deforestation and infectious diseases.
Typically, monkeys eat vegetables, fruits, flowers, seeds, roots and leaves. However, some species of monkey eat eggs from birds, insects and small animals. And, they live in tropical regions, such as forests.
The term monkey is used to refer to some species of primates. In addition, the Primates order is divided into two suborders: Strepsirrhini, including lemurs and galagos and Haplorrhini, including tarsiers and anthropoids. It is worth mentioning that anthropoids correspond to monkeys and humans.
On the other hand, monkeys are mammals. For this reason, they have hair on their bodies and mammary glands, which help in feeding the puppies with milk production. In addition, they have a highly developed brain, eyes facing forward and the opposing thumb, which contributes to the handling of objects.
In summary, monkey species are essential for the environment. Well, they can act in the dispersion of plant species, for example.
Risks facing monkey species
Several species of monkey suffer from a trend of population reduction. For, monkeys suffer daily from the destruction of their habitat. That is, deforestation, due to the increase in the agricultural area and the use of wood, the creation of roads and the increase in cities. In addition, mining and hunting, for consumption or as pets, also affects these mammals.
On the other hand, infectious diseases also cause a decrease in this population. For example, yellow fever, which between 2008 and 2009 killed more than 2 thousand howler monkeys in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
The types of monkey species
1 – Marmosets and tamarins
Of the monkey species, marmosets and monkeys are primates that live in South America and Central America. In addition, there are 7 different genres in this family, which are:
-Sangui-dwarf – Consists of a primate that lives in the Amazon. In addition, it can get to measure 39 cm in height, being one of the smallest marmosets that exist.
-Pygmy marmoset – This species of monkey is also called the little lion marmoset. Usually lives in the Amazon and is quite small.
-Neotropical marmosets – Presents 6 species of primates, namely: black-tufted marmoset, wied marmoset, mountain marmoset, dark mountain marmoset and white-faced marmoset.
-Mico-de-goeldi – This species lives in the Amazon. In addition, he has a long, shiny black coat. However, there is no coat on the belly. In this way, your mane is capable of reaching 3 cm in length. In addition, tamarins are characterized by the presence of small canines and long incisors.
-Lion tamarin – These are small monkeys with a fur that resembles the appearance of a lion. Therefore, its coat is quite exuberant, being easily distinguished by its colors. In summary, they are exclusive to the Brazilian rainforest. In addition, the golden lion tamarin, golden-faced lion tamarin, black lion tamarin and the black-faced lion tamarin can be found.
2 – The capuchin monkey
Among the monkey species, in the Cebidae family it is possible to find 17 species distributed in 3 genera.
-Saimiris – These monkeys are also referred to as scented monkeys or squirrel monkeys. Typically, they live in forests in South and Central America. Thus, they can be found in the Amazon, Costa Rica and Panama.
-Capuchin monkeys – They have a kind of white fur hood around their faces. In addition, it can get to measure 45 cm. And, they comprise 4 species, such as the white-faced capuchin monkey, whitewashed, Cebus albifrons and Cebus kaapori.
-Sapajus – They comprise a total of 8 species, being endemic to the warm region of South America. In addition, they are more burly than Capuchins, with tufts on their heads. On the other hand, Capuchins and Sapajus are part of the Cebidae family, and the Cebinae subfamily.
3 – Uacaris or cacajaos
At first, they are a family of primates that live in tropical jungles of South America. In addition, there are 4 genera in a total of 54 species.
-Cuxiús – They consist of primates that live in South America. In short, they have a notorious beard that covers the jaw, chest and neck. In addition, they have a thick tail that keeps them in balance.
-Cacajaos – These monkeys are also called uacaris, and a total of 4 species are known. Thus, they have a tail shorter than the size of the rest of the body.
-Parauacus – They are primates that inhabit the jungles of Ecuador, having a total of 16 species of monkey. In addition, they belong to the family Pitheciidae and the subfamily Pitheciinae.
-Callicebus – They are monkeys that inhabit Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Colombia. In addition, they can get to measure up to 46 cm and with a tail with 10 cm longer. Finally, they have a total of 30 species.
4 – The Howlers
They are generally found throughout Central and South America, including the southern part of Mexico. In addition, they have 5 genera and 27 species in this family.
-Howler monkeys – These are monkey species that inhabit tropical areas, such as Argentina and southern Mexico. In short, its name comes from the sound they emit when communicating, as in situations of danger. In addition, they belong to the Atelidae family and the Alouattinae subfamily. In addition, they have a short face and a snub nose, reaching 92 cm in length.
-Spider monkeys – They present the absence of an opposable thumb in their lower and upper limbs. And, they are found in Mexico and South America. Finally, they can measure up to 90 cm, with a tail of similar size.
-Muriquis – Can be located in Brazil, and have a gray or brown tint. In addition, it is the largest Platyrrino genus, containing 2 species.
-Lagothrix – Also called potbellied monkey, they are primates that inhabit jungles and forests of South America. They can measure up to 49 cm, and have a woolly, brown or brown fur.
-Oreonax flavicauda– This is the only species of the genus Oreonax, endemic to Peru. However, it is one of the monkey species that is on the alert for extinction threat. On the other hand, they can measure up to 54 cm and with a tail larger than the body.
5 – The monkeys of the old world
Old world monkeys, also called Cercopitiadas, belong to the parvordem Catarrhini and the superfamily Cercopithecoidea. In short, it consists of a total of 21 genera and 139 species of monkey. And, they inhabit Africa and Asia.
-Baboons – They are terrestrial and usually climb trees, opting for open habitats. In addition, they are the largest monkeys in the old world, having a long, lean head, as well as a jaw with strong canines.
Proboscis monkey – Consists of a primate endemic to the island of Bormeo. For this reason, it contains a long nose, from where its name comes from. However, they are at high risk of extinction, with only 700 specimens currently.
-Erythrocebus – It is a primate from East Africa, living in savanna or semi-desert areas. In addition, they can get to measure 85 cm and with a tail 10 cm shorter. Interestingly, it is one of the fastest primates, as it reaches 55 km / h.
-Macaca – They are species of monkey found in Africa, China, Gibraltar and Japan. Therefore, they have a small developed tail or no tail.
6 – Monkey species: Night monkey
Among the species of monkey, the night monkey consists of the only genus of primates in the family Aotidae. In addition, they can be found in the rainforests of South America and Central America. In addition, it can reach the size of 37 cm, as well as the size of its tail. But they also have a kind of brown or gray mantle that covers their ears. Finally, as its name refers, it is an animal with nocturnal habits, with very large eyes and an orange sclera. And, it is a genus with a total of 11 species.
7 – Emperor Marmoset or Mustache
It is a kind of monkey that attracts attention due to the presence of a white mustache. It can be found in Brazil, in the states of Acre and in Amazonas. But it can also inhabit other Amazonian countries, such as Peru and Bolivia.